**Executive Approval Database 1.0. Released August 1, 2016**

This release includes quarterly and monthly presidential approval series that combine the survey marginals of presidential popularity into a single smoothed series using Stimson's (1991) dyads-ratio algorithm and WCalc6 software for 18 Latin American countries. Data are updated at least through 2015.

Please cite the data as follows:

- Carlin, Ryan E., Jonathan Hartlyn, Timothy Hellwig, Gregory J. Love, Cecilia Martinez-Gallardo, and Matthew M. Singer. 2016. Executive Approval Database 1.0. Available for download at www.executiveapproval.org.

The following 6 series are available in Stata 14 format below. Analytic Reports from WCalc6 runs for all series are available here.

**Approval**

The % of positive ratings in each series. These are the EAD's longest series because they do not require % of negative ratings, which are more difficult to find. Theoretical range 0 - 100.

*Relative Approval*

The % of positive ratings divided by the sum of the % of positive ratings and the % of negative ratings; the % of neutral answers are excluded. Theoretical range 0 - 100.

**Net Approval**

The % of positive ratings minus the % of negative ratings; the % of neutral answers are excluded. Theoretical range -100 - 100.

**Replication Datasets**

Below are replication files in Stata 13 for papers that use the EAD

Replication dataset for "Executive Approval under Alternative Democratic Regime Types". Includes 137 executives—48 prime ministers and 89 presidents—in 30 presidential and parliamentary democracies. Full reference is on the publication page.

Replication dataset for "Cushioning the Fall". Full reference is on the publication page.