Executive Approval Database 2.0 (beta). Released May 22, 2019

This is a beta release of the new Executive Approval Database 2.0. It includes quarterly executive approval series that combine survey marginals of executive popularity into a single smoothed series using Stimson's (1991) dyads-ratio algorithm and WCalc6 software (the R and MCALC implementations) for 50 countries from across the globe. We also include multiple series for semi-presidential systems (EXEC series combine all measures of executive popularity—president, prime minister, government). The data file includes the following three series: Approval, Net Approval (% positive - % negative ratings), and Relative Approval (% of positive ratings divided by the sum of the % of positive ratings and the % of negative ratings). Periods and countries with few input survey marginals are excluded for those periods/series from the dataset (i.e. countries with no or limited measures of negative approval do not have Net or Relative Approval series).

A note of caution: while we have attempted to ensure adequate input data for all series/time periods please double check using the data visualization tool on the website to ensure that the data meets your research/teaching needs.

If you find any errors or have additional data to contribute to the EAP please email rcarlin@gsu.edu or gjlove@olemiss.edu !

Please cite the data as follows:

  • Carlin, Ryan E., Jonathan Hartlyn, Timothy Hellwig, Gregory J. Love, Cecilia Martinez-Gallardo, and Matthew M. Singer. 2019. Executive Approval Database 2.0 (beta). Available for download at www.executiveapproval.org.

  • Executive Approval Database 2.0 (beta)


Executive Approval Database 1.0. Released August 1, 2016

This release includes quarterly and monthly presidential approval series that combine the survey marginals of presidential popularity into a single smoothed series using Stimson's (1991) dyads-ratio algorithm and WCalc6 software for 18 Latin American countries. Data are updated at least through 2015.

Please cite the data as follows:

  • Carlin, Ryan E., Jonathan Hartlyn, Timothy Hellwig, Gregory J. Love, Cecilia Martinez-Gallardo, and Matthew M. Singer. 2016. Executive Approval Database 1.0. Available for download at www.executiveapproval.org.

The following 6 series are available in Stata 14 format below. Analytic Reports from WCalc6 runs for all series are available here.

Approval

The % of positive ratings in each series. These are the EAD's longest series because they do not require % of negative ratings, which are more difficult to find. Theoretical range 0 - 100.

Relative Approval

The % of positive ratings divided by the sum of the % of positive ratings and the % of negative ratings; the % of neutral answers are excluded. Theoretical range 0 - 100.

Net Approval

The % of positive ratings minus the % of negative ratings; the % of neutral answers are excluded. Theoretical range -100 - 100.

Replication Datasets

Below are replication files in Stata 13 for papers that use the EAD 

Replication dataset for "Executive Approval under Alternative Democratic Regime Types". Includes 137 executives—48 prime ministers and 89 presidents—in 30 presidential and parliamentary democracies. Full reference is on the publication page.

Replication dataset for "Cushioning the Fall". Full reference is on the publication page.